Sensorial activities

Practical life, Language, Sensorial, Math, and Culture. The child has a sensory link with the surroundings from birth. Infant receives information from their environment through their senses and processes it immediately in their brain. The importance of sensory Actives enables the infant to sort, couple, and wrangle objects.

These are a collection of wooden Montessori items designed by Dr. Maria Montessori. Sensorial Activities are enjoyable activities that develop a child’s senses.

How do sensorial materials help the child?

There are materials in a Montessori classroom that help the child cover all of his or her five senses. Visual perception, tactile perception, auditory perception, gustatory perception, and olfactory perception. Sensory activities aid in the refinement of a child’s senses and aid in discriminating, sorting, pairing, and ordering. Sensory activities aid in the refinement of a child’s senses and aid in discriminating, sorting, pairing, and ordering. Sensorial Actives not only help the child refine the sense; the child’s vocabulary is being wider. Each day. Each time the adult is introducing something the child adds words into the dictionary. Sensorial Activities help the child develop finemotor skills. This is a preparation for writing. Sensorial Materials play a major role in developing a child’s concentration.

Characteristics of sensorial materials

Sensorial materials cannot be seen in the home environment. Until the child enters the Montessori environment the child has never seen or worked with the materials.
The Sensorial materials are designed in such a way that the child can see the control of error. This helps the child to correct by himself. Sensorial Materials have been designed in a way that has a concrete purpose. The purpose is always visible. Sensorial materials are simple in appearance.  Dr. Montessori called them as ‘Materialized Abstracts’. Sensorial Materials demonstrate height, width length, area, diameter.

Areas the sensorial materials cover in a montessori

This area of the Montessori classroom is divided into five areas.

  • Color – Visual Sense
  • Tactile – Sense of Touch                             –
  • Auditory – Sense of Hearing
  • Gustatory – Sense of Taste
  • Olfactory – sense of Taste

Color – visual sense

Colors are introduced by the color table boxes. There are three boxes. the First box has the pairs of primary colors. The Second box contains the tablet pairs of primary, secondary and tertiary colors. The third box contains shades of all colors.
This material helps the child to recognize colors around them, they can even pair the colors. The Child will learn the primary secondary and tertiary colors. The child will also learn the shades of colors in his world. As a further activity, the child will be able to mix two colors and discover a new color.
The child will be working with materials that help him differentiate the size ‘big, small’, ‘big, bigger, biggest. These materials are preparing the child for mathematics and they add order as in left to right movement, add some words to their vocabulary. There is a special thing that the child gains. He gains concentration. Visual sense helps the child to discriminate dimensions.

  • Cylinder blocks
  • Pink tower
  • Red rods
  • Brown stair
  • Knobless Cylinders


Tactile activities help the child identify rough and smooth. These activities also help the child to feel hot and cold. The child feels it in the skin.

  • Rough and smooth boards,
  • tablets,
  • fabrics,
  • thermic bottles,
  • thermic tablets,
  • baric tablets

 are materials that help the child develop the tactile sense.

Auditory, olfactory, gustatory

Auditory activities in sensorial help the child is hearing. The child pairs the same sound and also grades according to the sound from loud to soft.

  • Sound Boxes

Olfactory helps the child in developing the sense of smell by smelling bottles while gustatory helps the child in the sense of taste using tasting jars. The child gets introduced to the flavors like salty, sweet, bitter, sour.

What is Stereo gnostic Sense

by Stereo gnostic Sense is the sense that everyone uses when the other five senses are absent. To make it clearer it is the sense that we use when all the other senses are shut down. When you can identify an object when your eyes are closed, that’s your stereo gnostic sense.
In the Montessori environment, the child is been introduced to the mystery bag, where there is a blindfold. Interesting objects are placed inside the bag of the adult. The Child will be covering the eyes using the blindfold, puts the hand inside the bag and pick one object, and guess the object by feeling it. Here the child uses the Stere gnostic Sense.

Sensory Play is important

Sensory play is important to develop and expand the memory of the child. Sensory play also helps develop the nerve connection in the brain. It also helps a fussy child. For example, if a child does not like to walk without slippers or shoes you can have a sensory-play time, by jumping into a mud puddle, walk-on paint. Make the child play with sand.
Parents at home also can help the child to develop their senses through simple sensory play.
You can think of various sensory play activities so that Children love these activities and the concentration they get when the activity on the process is amazing. See you with another beautiful topic @ToddlersTown.

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